ZIDOVUDINE-LAMIVUDINE



Duovir


Indication:


Duovir (Zidovudine /Lamivudine) are antiviral medications that prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cells from multiplying in your body.

Duovir (Zidovudine /Lamivudine) is a combination medicine used to treat HIV, which causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This medicine is not a cure for HIV or AID.



Brand name: Duovir

Active Ingeridents: Zidovudine /Lamivudine

Company Name: Cipla

Package: 60 Tablets /Bottle

Strength : Zidovudine 300mg + Lamivudine 150mg

Mechanism of action:


Zidovudine

Zidovudine, a structural analog of thymidine, is a prodrug that must be phosphorylated to its active 5′-triphosphate metabolite, zidovudine triphosphate (ZDV-TP). It inhibits the activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) via DNA chain termination after incorporation of the nucleotide analogue. It competes with the natural substrate dGTP and incorporates itself into viral DNA. It is also a weak inhibitor of cellular DNA polymerase α and γ.

Lamivudine

Lamivudine is a synthetic nucleoside analogue and is phosphorylated intracellularly to its active 5'-triphosphate metabolite, lamivudine triphosphate (L-TP). This nucleoside analogue is incorporated into viral DNA by HIV reverse transcriptase and HBV polymerase, resulting in DNA chain termination.


Dosage and Administration:


Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

  • Duovir (Zidovudine /Lamivudine) can be taken with or without food.
  • HIV/AIDS is usually treated with a combination of drugs. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses of medication schedule without your doctor's advice. Every person with HIV or AIDS should remain under the care of a doctor.

Store:


Duovir (Zidovudine /Lamivudine) room temperature away from moisture and heat or cold. Do not freeze.


Side effects:


Headache, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, trouble sleeping, dizziness, or stuffy nose may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.


Precaution:


Before taking Duovir (Zidovudine /Lamivudine), tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to either drug; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney problems, liver problems (such as hepatitis B or C, cirrhosis), disease of the pancreas (pancreatitis), alcohol use, low red/white blood cell counts.

















WARNING:


Duovir (Zidovudine /Lamivudine) is a prescription drug and should be used under proper medical guidance and advice. The information provided here is for general educational purposes only and does not constitute medical or pharmaceutical advice which should be sought from qualified medical and pharmaceutical advisers.