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Kidney Disease

 12-11-2019     By Myapplepharma Team

Kidney Disease


The kidneys consist of two bean-shaped organs. Both kidneys are about the fist size. Your kidneys drainexcess of water and wastes out of your blood and make urine. Kidney disease means your kidneys are injured and cannot drain blood the way they should.
If you have diabetes or high blood pressure will have greater risk for kidney disease. If you resulted kidney failure, treatments contain kidney transplant or dialysis. Other kidney problems involve acute kidney injury, kidney cysts, kidney stones, and kidney infections.

Types of kidney disease

1. Kidney stones is rock-hard crystal that form inside your kidneys
2. Polycystic kidney diseaseis an inherited condition causing cysts in the kidneys
3. Diabetic kidney disease is a kidney damage caused by diabetes
4. Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney filters (glomeruli)
5. Kidney function is Urinary tract Infection affecting the kidneys
6. Kidney cancer this is rare
If you have ongoing kidney repair, is also known as chronic kidney disease. If kidney injured happens fastly from an accident or infection, then it is known as acute Kidney failure. Though frequently short-lived, this can still result in lasting kidney damage.

Risk factors for kidney disease

You are increased at risk of progression of chronic kidney disease if you:
1. have hypertension
2. have diabetes
3. have established heart problems or stroke
4. are overweight
5. are over 60 years of age
6. have a family history of kidney failure
7. smoke
8. have a history of acute kidney injury

Treatment for kidney disease

If notice early enough, the development of kidney disease can be delayed and sometimes even inhibited. In the early stages, alter to diet and regimen can promote to have high the life of your kidneys.
If kidney function is decreased to less than 10 per cent of normal, the lack of function must be replaced by dialysis or a kidney transplant. Dialysis is a treatment for kidney failure whichdiscard waste products and extra water from the blood by filtering it via a special membrane (fine filter).

Some symptoms of kidney disease

1. Fatigue
Healthy kidneys create a hormone called erythropoietin, whichconveys body to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. since the kidneys fail, they done less EPO. With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen, your muscles and brain tire very fastly. This is Anemia, and it can be cured.
2. Feeling cold
Anemia develops feel cold all the time, even in a warm room.
3. Shortness of breath
Being Dyspnea can be related to the kidneys in two ways. First, extra fluid in the body can progress in the lungs. And second, a shortage of oxygen-carrying red blood cells can skip your body oxygen-starved and breath shortness.
4. Feeling Faint, dizzy or weak
Anemia associated to kidney failure means which your brain is not getting adequate oxygen. This can causes feeling faint, dizzy, or weak.
5. Trouble thinking clearly
Anemia associated to kidney failure means which your brain is not getting enough oxygen. This can occur memory problems or concentrationtrouble.
6. Feeling very itchy
Kidneys discard wastes from the bloodstream. When the kidneys fail, the formation of wastes in your blood can leads to severe itching.
7. Swelling in hands or feet
Failing kidneys will not discard extra fluid, which forms in your body leads to swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, and/or hands.
8. Swollen or puffy face
Failing kidneys will not discard extra fluid, which forms in your body causing swelling in the face.
9. Food tastes like metal
A formation of wastes in the blood (uremia) can make food taste variety and result in bad breath. You may also notice which you stop liking to have meat, or which you are losing weight because you just don't feel like eating.
10. Ammonia Breath
A formation of wastes in the blood (uremia) can result bad breath.
11. Upset stomach, nausea, vomiting
A seriousformation of wastes in the blood (uremia) can also leads to nausea and vomiting. decreased appetite can causes weight loss.
12. Waking up during the night to make urine
Kidneys create urine, so when the kidneys are failing, the urine may alter.
You may urinate more frequent, or in higher amounts than usual, with pale urine.
You may experience pressure or have painful urinating.
13. Foamy or bubbly urine
Kidneys produce urine, so when the kidneys are failing, change in urine.
Foamy or bubbly urine may be formed.
This can cause to an above-normal Quantity of protein in the urine.
14. Brown, red, or purple urine
Kidneys produce urine, so when the kidneys are failing, change in urine.
You may urinate less frequent, or in low amounts than usual, with dark-coloured urine.
Blood in urine will be noticed.
15. Pressure when you make urine
Kidneys produce urine, so when the kidneys are failing, change in urine.
You may experience pressure or have painful urinating.