Brand name : Azel
Active ingredient : Enzalutamide
Manufactured by : Dr.Reddy’s laboratories
Package : 28 capsules
Category : Anti-neoplastic agent
Azel is a hormonal therapy, for men who are all affected with prostate carcinoma in metastaic stage. Azel 40mg Capsules are majorly indicated for prostate carcinoma, which contains Enzalutamide, as an active component considered as non steroidal anti-androgen medication. Azel 40mg is involved in association with castration in the therapy of metastatic or long lasting castration resistant prostate cancer. Azel 40mg is a prescription medicine, the main ingredient which is used as enzalutamide, only prescribed by medical oncologist.
The primary usage of Azel 40mg Capsule is involved in the effective treatment of mCRPC (metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer), taken orally. The effect of anti-androgen viewing by obstruct the testosterone production by inhibiting androgen synthesis, the hormone which is require for cancer cell growth. Azel 40mg is majorly used to treat prostate cancer in men.
An androgen which is a male hormone is used to develop prostate carcinoma. One of the major hormone secreted by testes and adrenal glands is known as testosterone. Azel containing Enzalutamide will interfere with testosterone production, causes tumor cell growth depletion. Azel interfere with androgen receptor signaling transduction and leads to cancer cell lysis
After receiving 160mg of Azel for mCRPC, from median time to attain peak plasma concentration time at 1 hour (variation with 0.5 to 3 hours). The steady state level of Azel is accomplished by day 28 Food does not cause any alteration in absorption of Azel Capsules.
Volume of distribution 110L High plasma protein bounding capacity of Azel Capsules is occurs as 97% to 98%
Two most prominent cytochrome isoenzymes are involved in metabolism of Azel Capsules; There are two isoenzymes i.e CYP2C8 & CYP3A4; in which CYP2C8 is vital for production of N-desmethyl Enzalutamide which is an active metabolite of Enzalutamide.
Azel Capsules undergoes excretion by hepatic metabolism Major route of elimination; 71% in urine; 14% in feces The terminal half life period of Azel Capsules is 5.8 days (range at 2.8 to 10.2 days); N-desmethyl Enzalutamide has half life period of relatively 7.8 to 8.6 days.
The usual prescribed dosage of Azel is 160mg as a single dose by taking with or without food. Azel is available in the strength of 40mg; four Capsules of Azel should be administered at a same time. Azel Capsule should not crush, not chew taken with glass of water. Dose adjustment: In patients with ≥ grade III toxicity: Azel 40mg therapy should be refuse for one week or the symptoms should be reduced to grade II, then restart with same dose or decreased to 80mg or 120mg Strong CYP2C8 inhibitors: While combining with Azel Capsule, the dosage should be modified by reducing to 80mg as a single dose or avoid this combination. Strong CYP3A4 inducers: Co administration of Azel with Strong CYP3A4 inducers, the dosage of Azel Capsule increased up to 240mg or stop this combination.
WARNING AND PRECAUTIONS
During the treatment with Azel Capsules, patient may suffer with some adverse effects like; Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome Seizures In PRES, some neurological disorders occur in patients. The condition can recovered by providing safety measures or discontinue the therapy as soon as possible. PRES is recognized by using MRI In seizures, Before starting the treatment patient must counsel about this adverse reaction and Stop the therapy if possible. Spermatogenesis occurs that may prohibit the male fertility leads to hypo spermatogenesis. In androgen decline the treatment, may have increase exposure of cardiovascular disease like worsening hypertension.
Azel 40MG INTERACT WITH SOME DRUGS LIKE
Azel combined with CYP2C8 strong inhibitors, causes elevation of plasma concentration time curve of Enzalutamide and its active metabolite. So avoid this combination, otherwise dosage of Azel should be reduced to 80mg. Azel with CYP2C8 strong inducers causes variation in plasma exposure of Azel, to minimize this problem to avoid this concomitant. Co administration of Azel Capsules with strong inhibitors or CYP3A4, leads to elevate the AUC of Enzalutamide and its metabolite. CYP3A4 strong inducers example like; phenytoin, Phenobarbital, carbamazepine etc combines with Azel Capsules causes depletes the plasma exposure of Azel. Moderate CYP3A4 inducers like Bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil, st Johns wort causes decreasing the plasma concentration of Azel Capsule. Azel Capsules are strong CYP3A4 inducers and moderate CYP2C8 & CYP2C19. CYP3A4 strong inducers like Midazolam, CYP2C8 inducers like warfarin, & CYP2C19 inducers like Omeprazole with Azel causes reducing the plasma risk of Midazolam, warfarin & Omeprazole.
Azel 40mg is a chem. Drug, used in prostate cancer. Azel Capsule should not be self medicated, used by the patients only after getting advice from the medical oncologist. If a single dose missed by patient, then must consult with the physician and follow the instructions as per the guidance of medical adviser, the missed dose should be taken within a time or avoid the missed dose and follow the regular schedule.
Azel Capsules are contraindicated to pregnancy condition, which may cause fetal harm leads to death. An Anaphylactic reaction happens, if patients are contraindicated to the ingredient present in Azel Capsules.
Some side effects during the therapy using with Azel; Back pain, Arthralgia, Muscular weakness, pain, Diarrhea, Hypertension & hot flush, Dizziness, headache, Asthenia conditions, Peripheral edema, Spinal cord compression, paresthesia, Mental impairment, Hypesthesia, Respiratory tract infections, Hematuria, Pollakiuria, Dry skin, Pruritus, Neutropenia, Thrombocytopenia, Increasing bilirubin level, Epistaxis, Infections like sepsis, Fractures, joint injury, and hematomas (Fall associated injuries). Hallucinations .
Pregnancy category of Azel Capsule is D Azel is contraindicated to pregnancy; it may cause fetal harm even to death.
Breast feeding is not suggested, Azel is contraindicated in lactation.