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prednisolone-2.5mg

PRODUCT DETAILS

Active ingredient : Prednisolone
Strength availability : 2.5mg
Dosage Form : Tablets
Packing : 10 tablets in 1 strip.
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Prednisolone is sold under the brand name Omnacortil 2.5mg and whichis a group of classification known as corticosteroids. A glucocorticoid with the usual properties of the corticosteroids. It is the drug choice for all disease in which routine systemic corticosteroid treatment is indicated, except adrenal deficiency states.
Omnacortil 2.5mg is a prescription drug which used under the supervision of medical practioners

INDICATIONS

Omnacortil 2.5mg is the first drug of choice and indicated for the treatmentof most patients with primary Nephrotic Syndrome.
Omnacortil 2.5mg is also indicated for the treatment of other conditions as follows;
• primary or secondary adrenocortical insufficiency, such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia, thyroiditis.
• Psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, bursitis, acute gouty arthritis and epicondylitis.
• Systemic lupus erythematosus, pemphigus and acute rheumatic carditis.
• Leukaemia’s, lymphomas, thrombocytopenia purpura and autoimmune haemolyticAnemia.
• Celiac disease, insulin resistance, ulcerative colitis and liver disorders.

MECHANISM OF ACTION

The drug Prednisolone is aneffectivepreventory of the early phase of inflammation, as well as of the development of chronic inflammation. Omnacortil 2.5mg replaces a chemical made in the body. It decreases or stops the body’s reaction to the allergen. It stops or reduces irritation and swelling. It reduces the body’s harmful response to diseases of the immune system.

PHARMACOKINETICS

Absorption: Prednisolone absorbs readily in gastrointestinal tract;high plasma concentration is 1-2 hr after administration.
Distribution: high plasma bounding is >90%.
Metabolism: Prednisolone is mainly metabolised in liver and eliminated in the urine as sulphate and glucuronide.
Elimination: Prednisolone is Eliminated from the plasma with a mean.
Half-life of the drug is 2-3 hours.

PRECAUTION

Omnacortil 2.5mg may have high blood glucose levels and fall the symptoms of diabetes. The patients with diabetes should Use the drug with caution.
Tablet may reduce the bone density by lowering the absorption of calcium.
Tablet is necessary with caution in the patients with hepatic injury and impaired Renal function.
Do not use this medication for pregnant women.
This tablet is known to excreted via breast milk in little amounts so not advisable for breast feeder.
Tablet may lowers the effect of live or vitiate vaccines.

DRUG INTERACTION

• Interaction of anticholinesterase agents and corticosteroids may produce severe weakness in patients with myasthenia gravis. If probably, anticholinesterase agents should be withdrawn at least 24 hours before initiating corticosteroid therapy.
• Patients on taking Omnacortil 2.5mg interaction with digitalis glycosides may be at increased risk of arrhythmias due to hypokalaemia.
• Combination with Amino glutethimide may lead to loss of corticosteroid-induced adrenal suppression.
• There have been cases resulted in which combination of Amphotericin B and hydrocortisone was followed by cardiac enlargement and congestive heart failure (see also Potassium depleting agents).
• CYP 3A4 inhibitors Ketoconazole has been resulted to decrease the metabolism of certain corticosteroids by up to 60% leading to an increased risk of corticosteroid side effects.
Omnacortil 2.5mg interaction with Cholestyramine may increase the clearance of corticosteroids.

CONTRAINDICATION

Omnacortil 2.5mg Orally Disintegrating Tablets are contraindicated in patients
Hypersensitive to corticosteroids i.e. prednisolone or any components of this product.
Sometime particular of anaphylactoid reactions have appeared in patients getting corticosteroid therapy.

MISSED DOSE

Take a missed dose immediately you think about it. If time comes closer to your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time. Do not have double doses at the same time. Avoid the change of the dose or stop this drug. Discuss with the doctor.

STORAGE

Stored at < 25 ℃
keep in a cool, dry place away from heat and sunlight.
Keep Omnacortil reach out of children.
Do not keep medicine after expired.
Discuss with the pharmacist on how to dispose of Omnacortil which has expired.

SIDE EFFECTS

* Changes in personality
* Menstrual periods absence
* Acne
* Headache
* Fragile skin
* High blood pressure
* Redness of skin
* Skin scar
* Electrolyte imbalance
* Decreased libido
* Bone degradation
* Menstrual cycle alteration
* Infection risk increased
* Insomnia
* Hair growth increased
* Muscle disorders

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